July 22

Feast of Saint Mary Magdalene. Mary was present at the crucifixion of Jesus and, on the first Easter morning, discovered his tomb was empty.

Uday and Qusay Hussein, sons of Iraqi president Saddam Hussein, were killed in a gun battle with American troops, 2003.

The Federal Reserve released a report showing that half the households in the United States had a yearly income of less than $2000, 1946.

A New York City union leader reported, 1946, that tips to cabbies and restaurant workers had dwindled since the war ended. Wartime tips of a quarter were replaced by a dime.

A wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem was bombed by the Irgun, a militant Zionist group, 1946. The building housed offices of British intelligence, which was monitoring political groups in British-governed Palestine.

The government of Great Britain rejected a peace proposal made by Germany, 1940. The momentum of war appeared to be all on Germany's side at that time.

The criminal career of John Dillinger came to its end, 1934, when he was shot down outside a Chicago movie theater. He was called public enemy number one, wanted for bank holdups, prison breaks and 16 murders. But he could not resist seeing a Clark Gable gangster movie, and when he left the theater FBI agents were waiting.

Successful test of Douglas Aircraft model DC-1, 1933. The DC-1 had been requested by airlines who were seeking a all metal plane that could stay in the air if one engine was knocked out.

Pilot Wiley Post arrived back in New York City, 1933, after a round the world flight which set a new speed record of seven days and 19 hours.

Congress passed the Federal Home Loan Act, 1932, creating a Home Loan Bank that could buy mortgages from savings and loans and other lenders.

70 members of the International Workers of the World who had been on strike at northern Idaho lumber camps were rounded up by county sheriffs, 1917. The strike leaders were taken to county jail and charged with "criminal syndicalism." Most of the strikers left prior to the arrival of law officers, but those who were arrested were taken to a temporary camp that was set up in Moscow.

The Populist (or People's) Party began its 1896 convention at St. Louis. The party agreed to support the Democrats' nominee for President, William Jennings Bryan. The National Silver Republicans met in St. Louis at the same time, and also cast their support to Bryan.

A doe deer in Idaho's Wood River Valley encountered a phenomenon new to deer in that area: a bicyclist, 1896. She had been visiting the neighbors, a herd of cattle, and helping herself to some salt that had been put out when she detected the approach of a wagon and team. As she began to trot away, she spotted an alien contraption coming along the road -- a high-wheeled bicycle piloted by Newell Brown of Hailey. The doe poured on the speed, but the bicycle was amazingly fast on good road and kept pace. At last she saw her chance to dash down a creek and elude her unwanted acquaintance. With a sudden turn she cut across the road within feet of "wheelman" Brown on his swift machine and was soon lost to sight among the brush, thus ending her race with one of mankind's mad inventions.

301 banks had closed their doors since May 1, at least temporarily, 1893, due to recession and financial panic, particularly in the South and West. The economic situation drove many westerners to support "free coinage" of silver. Free coinage means that there was no limit on the amount of silver coins the government mints would manufacture. If a person held silver they could present it to the mint and receive the equivalent number of silver dollars. The problem was that while a gold twenty dollar coin contained about twenty dollars worth of the metal, a silver dollar only had about 50 cents worth of silver in it thanks to high silver production in places like Idaho, which kept silver prices down in the world market. Through the limited minting of silver dollars that was already allowed, the U.S. government was supporting the price silver miners received for their product. Allowing more silver dollars to be made would produce inflation of the money supply and increase the run on the government's reserves of gold.

Botanist and student of genetics Gregor Mendel was born, 1822.

Cleveland, Ohio was founded, 1796. The completion of the Erie Canal in 1825 helped Cleveland to grow into Ohio's largest city.

The Six Mistakes of Man
1) The delusion that personal gain is made by crushing others.
2) The tendency to worry about things that cannot be changed or corrected.
3) Insisting that a thing is impossible because we cannot accomplish it.
4) Refusing to set aside trivial preferences.
5) Neglecting development and refinement of the mind, and not acquiring the habit of reading and study.
6) Attempting to compel other persons to believe and live as we do. -- Cicero

We should not permit prayer to be taken out of the schools; that's the only way most of us got through. -- Sam Levenson

Mark 14:32-36 (American Standard Version)

    And they come to a place which was named Gethsemane: and he said to his disciples, Sit ye here, while I pray. 
    And he took with him Peter and James and John, and began to be greatly amazed, and sore troubled. 
    And he said to them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful even to death: abide ye here, and watch. 
    And he went forward a little, and fell on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass away from him. 
    And he said, Abba, Father, all things are possible to thee; remove this cup from me: howbeit not what I will, but what thou wilt.

90 Average High Temperature in Boise

61 Average Low Temperature in Boise

6 24 a.m. Sunrise

9 18 p.m. Sunset