September 17

Constitution Day. The U.S. Constitution was approved, 1787, by the Constitutional Convention.

It astonishes me to find this system [the Constitutional design of government] approaching so near to perfection as it does; and I think it will astonish our enemies, who are waiting with confidence to hear that our councils are confounded like those of the builders of Babel. -- Benjamin Franklin

Eccentric political activist Lyndon LaRouche was sued by the financial guardians of an 80-year-old retired executive, 1986, after LaRouche's fund-raising team allegedly bamboozled the ailing man into giving their organization $2.6 million in cash and stocks.

Work began on the site of Hoover (Boulder) Dam on the Colorado River, 1930.

Oklahoma state militiamen surrounded the state capitol. Oklahoma Gov. Jack Walton declared martial law against the Ku Klux Klan, 1923. Machine guns were set up outside state buildings. Legislators eventually impeached Walton. Some were of the opinion that his KKK talk was intended to divert attention from his performance in office, which had come under criticism.

Orville Wright was in an airplane crash at Fort Myer, outside Washington, D.C., 1908. Wright and a Lieutenant Selfridge were trying to set a new flying record when the propeller broke. Selfridge was killed. Orville's brother Wilbur was in France, demonstrating their brand of airplane on the European continent.

The founder of a baseball league for African-Americans, Andrew “Rube” Foster, was born, 1879.

Silver City, Idaho's newspaper, The Owyhee Avalanche, published its first issue, 1865.

Massachusetts Bay Colony commissioners recommended that Quakers be kept at hard labor in the correctional facility until they could be sent away, 1656. But in some cases the Quakers came back after being banished. A month later the legislature announced that returning Quakers would have an ear cut off the first time they came back, then the other ear would be removed for a second offense. A third attempt by a Quaker to return to the colony would be punished by boring a hole in the offender's tongue with a red-hot iron. These gruesome punishments were replaced two years later with something even more drastic: a death sentence for any Quaker returning to Massachusetts Bay Colony after banishment. Several Quakers went to their deaths on the scaffold before King Charles II assumed power in London. The King ordered the colony in 1661 to cease its oppression of Quakers.

The Pilgrims left Plymouth, England aboard the Mayflower, 1620.

Be not afraid of life. Believe that life is worth living, and your belief will help create the fact. -- William James

The man who can make others laugh gets more votes than the man who forces them to think. -- Malcolm de Chazal

Proverbs 11:28 (American Standard Version)

   He that trusts in his riches shall fall; But the righteous shall flourish as the green leaf.

Curdled Quotes from Caustic Writers:  Patriotism is often an arbitrary veneration of real estate above principles. -- George Jean Nathan

77 Average High Temperature in Boise

51 Average Low Temperature in Boise

7 27 a.m. Sunrise

7 50 p.m. Sunset