November 13

A volcano in the Andes Mountains of Columbia, Nevado del Ruiz, erupted, 1985. People in the area had called the volcano "the sleeping lion," because it had been inactive for 150 years. Four towns were buried by the volcano; the death toll was estimated at 23,000.

Construction of the Alaska pipeline was approved by the U.S. Senate, 1973.

Sidewalk organists were vanishing from the streets of Mexico City, 1958, as jukeboxes took over the town. It took little musical talent to carry a portable organ that played one song, like a music box, and was powered by turning a crank. The “organ grinders” played for tips from music lovers as well as people who paid them a bribe to move on down the street.

Walt Disney Studios released the animated movie, "Fantasia," 1940.

Finland ended a peace negotiation with the Soviet Union, 1939, by calling for a general military mobilization of the Scandinavian country. The Soviets had demanded that Finland allow Russia to install military bases on its land.

The Vatican announced that "Mother Cabrini" had been elevated to sainthood, 1938, making her the first American saint. She was Frances Xavier Cabrini, M. S. C.

The first Sadie Hawkins Day was announced, 1937, in the Li’l Abner comic strip. Bachelors in the town of Dogpatch were pursued by spinsters in a footrace. Any girl who could catch a man could marry him.

The novel Ben-Hur was published, 1880. The author, Lew Wallace, was Governor of New Mexico Territory.

The Union Pacific rails were extended as far as Cheyenne, Wyoming, 1867. Leading businessmen in Denver moved quickly to begin building a rail line from Cheyenne to the mile-high city.

The Whiskey Rebellion was defeated, 1794. Farmers in Pennsylvania had resisted paying a Federal tax on moonshine.

Brigadier General Richard Montgomery led his troops into the city of Montreal, 1775. The occupation was part of an American colonial campaign into  Quebec to prevent a British attack on New York.

It is a kind of spiritual snobbery that makes people think they can be happy without money. -- Albert Camus

When I read about the evils of drinking, I gave up reading. -- Henny Youngman

Isaiah 53:6-7 (American Standard Version)

  All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all. 
  He was oppressed, yet when he was afflicted he opened not his mouth; as a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and as a sheep that before its shearers is dumb, so he opened not his mouth.

48 Average High Temperature in Boise

33 Average Low Temperature in Boise

7 37 a.m. Sunrise

5 21 p.m. Sunset