May 21

“Freedom Riders” protesting racially segregated bus service were beaten by a mob in Montgomery, Alabama, 1961.

The U.S. merchant ship Robin Moor was sunk by a German submarine in the north Atlantic, 1941. All aboard the Robin Moor were rescued. An "unlimited state of national emergency" was proclaimed by President Franklin Roosevelt, as the threat of America's becoming involved in World War II increased.

 Catholic priests in Nogales, Sonora were given 12 hours to get out of town, 1934. The order was part of an plan by Gov. Rodolfo Elias Calles to close all Catholic churches in the Mexican state of Sonora. It was part of a wave of repression by government leaders against religious institutions.

New York State outlawed "bucket shops," 1908. Bucket shops were stockbrokers that pretended to send customers' orders to an exchange but actually matched buy and sell orders in their offices. The danger was that the bucket shop would hold orders instead of executing them. If, while orders were held, the value of the stock changed, the bucket shop could lose money. In a market panic, the bucket shop could lose so much money that it had to go out of business, leaving customers without money or the stocks they had paid for.

The "Mormon War" reached its conclusion as Governor Cumming told the leader of the federal army that was sent to Utah that there was no resistance to his rule as governor, 1858. One speaker summed up the war, saying, "Wounded, none; killed, none; fooled, everybody." But if the Mountain Meadows Massacre can be fairly associated with the war, then a grim price was paid by innocent people for the dispute between U.S. President James Buchanan and LDS leaders.

The first bicycle appeared on the streets of New York City, 1819. The strange contraption, imported from England, evidently was considered to be such a safety hazard that the city council passed an ordinance banning bicycles from sidewalks and other public places.

The "Regulators" of North Carolina sent two representatives to the colony's governor, 1768, with a list of grievances. The Regulators were farmers and frontiersmen who were unhappy with "excessive taxes, dishonest sheriffs and extortionate fees."

Hernando de Soto discovered the Mississippi River, 1541.

To live is like to love -- all reason is against it, and all healthy instinct for it. -- Samuel Butler

On the whole, human beings want to be good, but not too good, and not quite all the time. -- George Orwell

Exodus 15:13 (American Standard Version)

 Thou in thy mercy have led forth the people which thou have redeemed: thou have guided them in thy strength to thy holy habitation.

Quotes About the Importance of Prayer: Famous spiritual leaders like Wesley, Brainerd, Luther, and others spent many hours in prayer. They committed all things -- secular, religious, natural, and spiritual -- to God in prayer. In this way they ordered their lives around God's provision and will. Yet, they were not superstitious fanatics. They were only following the great example and authority of the apostle Paul. -- Edward M. Bounds

72 Average High Temperature in Boise

48 Average Low Temperature in Boise

6 14 a.m. Sunrise

9 10 p.m. Sunset