June 22

Pres. Franklin Roosevelt signed the G.I. Bill of Rights, 1944. The legislation provided unemployment benefits for up to a year, loans to buy houses and businesses, and educational grants for college.

Federal troops were sent into Detroit to put an end to a riot by some African-American people in that city, 1943. Black snipers fired on troops from upper stories of buildings, which drew an emphatic response: 29 dead and hundreds seriously injured. Community leaders among the black population couldn't obtain a coherent reason for the uprising but it appeared to be aimed at crippling the war effort.

Germany invaded the Soviet Union, 1941. Winston Chruchill responded to the news by saying, "We will never parley, we will never negotiate with Hitler or any of his gang. We shall fight him by land; we shall fight him by sea; we shall fight him by air, until, with God’s help we have rid the earth of his shadow and liberated its people from his yoke."

The Illinois Waterway opened, linking the Great Lakes with the Gulf of Mexico, 1933. It includes a series of locks and a waterway that utilizes canals and the Calumet and Illinois Rivers to link Lake Michigan with the Mississippi River.

Ada County, Idaho was in the midst of a road improvement project, 1914. A bond issue had financed upgrading many county roads to a gravel surface, and officials anticipated being able to complete 30 to 40 miles of road that year.

Survivors of the Greely arctic expedition were rescued, 1884.

Much of Tombstone, Arizona burned, 1881, after a barrel of rejected whiskey burst into flames. A saloon owner set the barrel out to be picked up by the distributor. In the intense summer heat, the barrel emitted flammable vapors that were accidentally ignited when a smoker passed by.

The first fire alarm boxes were installed along streets in New York City, 1872.

The Denver Pacific Railway, connecting Denver with the Union Pacific tracks at Cheyenne, was completed, 1870.

Parliament's Quebec Act extended Quebec's borders south to the Ohio River, cutting the American colonies off from the western territories that they had previously received from the king, 1774.

Whiskey is about the only enemy man has succeeded in really loving.

Among the smaller duties of life I hardly know any one more important than that of not praising where praise is not due. -- Sydney Smith

1 Corinthians 9:24-27 (American Standard Version)

   Know ye not that they who run in a race all run, but one receives the prize? So run, that ye may obtain.
   And every man that strives for the mastery is temperate in all things. Now they do it to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible.
   I therefore so run, not [half-heartedly]; so fight I, not as one that [shadow boxes]: but I [am master of] my body, and bring it into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway.

Quotes About the Importance of Prayer: Go back! Back to that upper room; back to your knees; back to searching of heart and habit, thought and life; back to pleading, praying, waiting, until the Spirit of the Lord floods the soul with light, and you are "endued with power from on high." -- Samuel Chadwick

82 Average High Temperature in Boise

56 Average Low Temperature in Boise

6 04 a.m. Sunrise

9 30 p.m. Sunset